2001 - 2022Available
10papers in this issue.
This study aims to design the metadata elements for managing and maintaining digitized records resulting from digitization. The digitized records were first defined and characterized, then assigned as copies and surrogates for source records. Next, the factors to be considered when designing metadata elements for digitized records were determined by comparing standards from different countries like the United States and the United Kingdom. As a result of the comparison, establishing a relationship between digitized records and source records, expanding the automatically extracted metadata elements following resource characteristics, and creating metadata for digitization processes and projects were set to be the key tasks of metadata design for managing digitized records. Furthermore, the metadata elements for digital records and digitization processes were designed individually, and the elements to be added for each entity were proposed by referring to standards from other counties.
The ultimate record management’s purpose is preservation and utilization. However, the National Archives of Korea (NAK)s Portal has problems such as search system aging and search tools dualization. As a result, the users’ search satisfaction is not satisfied, and the improvement demand increases. This study aimed to evaluate the NAK’s search quality as a preliminary study for NAK search system advancement. To this end, we analyzed the current status of CAMS and NAK’s Portal. Then, we established the test sets and evaluated the NAK’s Portal quality from the user’s point of view. Evaluation results were analyzed using Precision, Recall, F-score, and MRR. The analysis results showed that the overall search performance was low, particularly in the “advanced subject search,” which showed low performance in Precision, Recall, and MRR. Thus, improvement is urgently needed. The test sets established for this study are expected to be used as a basis for objectively measuring the improvement of the search performance after the NAK search system advancement.
YouTube videos of public institutions are digital public records that need to be managed and preserved. As such, the video and the metadata describing the video should also be preserved. This study aims to select the key metadata elements necessary for archiving videos published on YouTube by public institutions. To this end, five high-level areas, namely the description, structure, management, preservation, and user participation, and the metadata elements of 10 subareas, were designed by referring to NAK 8, PREMIS, ISAD(G), and YouTube metadata. Afterward, the metadata elements designed by 14 experts were verified. Lastly, the validity and reliability of the evaluation results were verified. Of the 63 elements, 33 satisfied the validity and reliability criteria. Thus, these elements were selected as the core metadata for archiving YouTube videos in public institutions.
This study develops a methodology for facet-based subject headings for the subject access to oral history records collected by such a project of the knit business in Haebangchon. First, the concept and characteristics of oral history records and their contents were investigated, and the meaning of facets and subject headings applied to such content was examined in the literature review. Second, the basic facets of oral history records were created based on 5W1H that reflected the narrative feature of oral history. Third, 540 subject-related terms were selected through an analysis of the transcript written based on oral history interviews with one interviewer and seven interviewees linked to the knit business in Haebangchon. Fourth and last, subject headings were proposed with the selected subject-related terms categorized in facets with various relationships. These facet-based subject headings will improve the subject access and use of oral history records.
This study aims to examine the meaning and category of archival information services and analyze its research results. To this end, the research scope of the archival information service was set by reviewing the definition, types, and subjects. A total of 183 journal articles were gathered, and content analysis was conducted in two stages. In addition to the overall research trend analysis based on quantitative indicators, an expanded content analysis and language network analysis were attempted using Node Excel. This study revealed that the archival information service research began in earnest after 2006 and that the user-centered paradigm is gradually being applied. However, limitations confirmed that the subject of discussion, research methods, and journals were biased, and expanding the horizon of future discussion was suggested.
The new administrative capital construction project is an important national project implemented to relocate the national administrative capital, and the records produced during the construction have high historical value. However, Korea’s management of these records related to the construction of the new administrative capital is insufficient; thus, finding a management plan is necessary. In contrast, Brazil is a country that collects, builds, and maintains both public and private records produced during the construction of Brasilia, the new administrative capital. Thus, Arquivo Público do Distrito Federal (ArPDF), the Brazilian records management organization established to manage Brasilia’s construction records, was selected as the case analysis subject in this study. By analyzing ArPDF’s website and official publications, this study investigated the overall matters related to the management of new administrative capital construction records and derived implications applicable to the management of new administrative capital construction records in Korea.
Records have temporal characteristics, including the past and present; linguistic characteristics not limited to a specific language; and various types categorized in a complex way. Processing records such as text, video, and audio in the life cycle of records’ creation, preservation, and utilization entails exhaustive effort and cost. Primary natural language processing (NLP) technologies, such as machine translation, document summarization, named-entity recognition, and image recognition, can be widely applied to electronic records and analog digitization. In particular, Korean deep learning–based NLP technologies effectively recognize various record types and generate record management metadata. This paper provides an overview of Korean NLP technologies and discusses considerations for applying NLP technology in records management. The process of using NLP technologies, such as machine translation and optical character recognition for digital conversion of records, is introduced as an example implemented in the Python environment. In contrast, a plan to improve environmental factors and record digitization guidelines for applying NLP technology in the records management field is proposed for utilizing NLP technology.
Archival descriptions are significant in utilizing archives, as they are important tools for archival research and use. Meanwhile, content services are key services in modern society, where the use of archives and the importance of content are increasing. In this study, archival descriptions and content services were not viewed as different areas but as a relationship that could advance complementarily. This is because if archival descriptions are rich and well-prepared, high-quality content can be produced based on them, and archival descriptions can be enriched if well-made content is supplemented or linked to the descriptions again. This study intends to reveal the complementary relationship between archival descriptions and content services and propose an advancement plan based on this relationship. As such, the current status and problems of the archival descriptions and content services of the National Archives of Korea and the Presidential Archives website were analyzed, and the UK's National Archives (TNA), the USA's National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), the Seoul Metropolitan Archives, and the Korea Democracy Foundation's Open Archives were selected as exemplary cases for comparison. Based on the implications of the six analyzed institutions, an advancement plan for archival descriptions and content services, as well as a complementary development plan, was proposed. Through this study, it is expected that archival descriptions and content services will develop in a mutually complementary direction.
This study aims to determine the research trends in archival preservation through keyword analysis, understand the current research status, and identify the research topics’ changes over time. The degree and betweenness centrality analyses were conducted and visualized on 463 “archival preservation studies” articles published from 2000 to 2021 in various academic journals, using NetMiner 4.0. The collected research papers were divided into three time periods according to when they were published: the first period (2000–2007), the second period (2008–2014), and the third period (2015–2021). The subject keywords for the research papers on archival preservation in Korea that have influence and expandability are as follows. Across all periods, these were “electronic records” and “long-term preservation.” In addition, if taken separately per period, the “OAIS reference model” and “electronic records” dominated the first and second periods, respectively, while the “records management standard table” and “long-term preservation” both dominated the third period. A conceptual framework and theory-oriented study for archival preservation, such as “digital preservation,” “digitalization,” and the “OAIS reference model,” dominated the first period. During the second period, more research focused on procedures and practical applications related to conservation activities, such as “electronic record,” “appraisal,” and “DRAMBORA.” In contrast, the majority of the research in the third period was on technical implementation according to the changes in the records management environment, such as “data set,” “administrative information system,” and “social media.”
This article was written to examine the types of records gathered for institutions collecting modern and contemporary records, examine the role and scope of the archives, and determine the next steps. By specifying the scope of modern and contemporary records for collection and examining their role as a record repository, I would like to consider approaches to balancing the collection and preserving records and suggest methods for developing professional capabilities.